Massage Therapy Overview
Massage therapy is centered on manual manipulation of muscles, ligaments, connective tissue and tendons, the body’s soft tissue. Massage methods vary and the therapy is used to achieve a number of goals.
Participating eases stress and anxiety, supporting physical and emotional well-being. The practice can be broken into two fundamental types of massage:
- Relaxation massage – Widely utilized to ease stress and anxiety, this form of massage has a recreational aspect. Services are commonly provided in spas, resorts and wellness facilities.
- Rehabilitative massage – Often conducted in medical clinics, hospitals and other health care facilities, rehabilitative massage strives to correct and improve physical conditions. Also known as clinical, therapeutic, medical and deep-tissue massage, this form of therapy has widespread benefits for patients battling illness and injury – including those with cerebral palsy.
For cerebral palsy patients, massage serves as an important adjunct to other treatment, particularly physical therapy, which is concerned with some of the same body structures. Through direct contact stimulation, massage therapists strive to improve muscle functionality and enhance quality of life for CP patients.
As a proven form of complementary medicine, massage therapy has many benefits. It has been shown to reduce stress, pain and muscle tension, and may also help with these conditions:
- Digestive disorders
- Soft tissue strain
- Joint problems
Massage Therapy and Cerebral Palsy
Cerebral palsy presents wide-ranging symptoms, so comprehensive management of the disorder includes several forms of intervention. Massage therapy serves as complementary treatment, reinforcing the benefits of physical therapy, occupational therapy and other CP care. Benefits of massage therapy extend beyond physical structures, supporting a healthy mind, body and soul.
Massage contributes to balanced state of mind and is thought to enhance focus. According to studies cited by the American Massage Therapy Association (AMTA), massage therapy can help:
- Reduce anxiety and depression – lending benefits similar to those gained during psychotherapy,
- Increase brain activity associated with lowering anxiety,
- Decrease hormones associated with increasing anxiety,
- Decrease heart rate, diastolic blood pressure and systolic blood pressure.
The positive impacts of therapeutic massage may also reduce the effect of attention-deficit disorders, helping young cerebral palsy patients excel academically and keep pace with school curricula.
The physical benefits of massage are not limited to the musculoskeletal system. Various massage techniques also enhance circulatory and lymphatic functions, moving blood and releasing toxins. Massage can also promote respiratory health.
Massage therapy improves range of motion, in some cases and relaxes muscles. It can also have a positive effect on posture, reinforcing healthy structure and movement. Dozens of variations target particular muscle groups, maximizing the therapeutic value of massage among those with CP.
As part of a holistic regimen, massage therapy reinforces physical, emotional and spiritual well-being. Massage techniques are performed in relaxing settings, lifting stress and encouraging healing and balance.
What is Massage Therapy?
Massage therapy is targeted manipulation of soft body tissue. The therapy uses manual stimulation to apply pressure or friction, and move muscles and tissue. Dozens of massage variations are directed at particular parts of the body, addressing the needs of each subject. Massage provides benefits in these areas:
- Lymphatic system
- Connective tissue
- Circulatory system
Massage therapists apply pressure over the skin to achieve various results. Using their hands, fingers, elbows, forearms, knees and mechanic aids, therapists utilize assorted massage methods to improve outcomes for CP patients. Therapy may include these and other techniques:
- Joint manipulation
Manual and Mechanical Aids
Massage therapists sometimes utilize manual and mechanical aids to maximize the benefits of CP therapy. The special equipment and materials reinforce results and add to the positive physical and psychological contributions of massage therapy.
- Cold packs
- Manual massage tools
- Oils and lotions
- Massage tables and chairs
- Self-massage tools
- Thermal wraps
- Heated or cooled stones
Massage Therapy Benefits for Children with CP
Massage therapy has widespread benefits for children with cerebral palsy. In addition to physical gains, cerebral palsy patients participating in therapeutic massage may experience emotional and psychological improvements. Medical massage may be recommended to:
- Reduce muscle tension and stiffness
- Increase range of motion
- Relieve muscle spasms
- Reduce stress and tension
- Add flexibility
- Stimulate circulation
- Manage pain
- Support overall health and wellness
- Reduce swelling
- Improve posture
In practice, massage therapists may use multiple techniques to achieve the desired results. Deep tissue procedures are most beneficial for chronic muscle problems associated with cerebral palsy. In contrast to various forms of relaxation massage, deep tissue therapy uses slow, deliberate strokes to release chronic tension.
By applying pressure or friction against the grain of the muscle and reaching deeper layers of tissue, massage therapists effectively reduce stiffness and spasticity experienced by children with cerebral palsy.
How Does Massage Therapy Affect Organs and Body Systems?
The positive effects of therapeutic massage are not limited to surface musculature. On the contrary, massage can yield positive gains across the body’s organs and major systems. Massage therapy can provide benefits to the following systems:
Where is Massage Therapy Performed?
Relaxation massage is conducted at sports clubs, health facilities, spas, resorts and by in-home appointment. Retail establishments (malls, outlet centers) also host massage stations, and some employers contract massage services to be conducted in occupational settings. Goals for this form of massage, sometimes called Swedish massage, are somewhat different than those of medical massage.
Therapeutic or clinical massage is more likely to be conducted in a medical setting, such as a chiropractor’s office, hospice, health clinic or physical therapy facility.
Who Performs Massage Therapy?
Massage therapists receive training through hundreds of existing educational programs across the U.S. Organizations like the Commission on Massage Therapy Accreditation (COMTA) provide voluntary peer review, giving institutions and massage therapy programs the opportunity to earn a national endorsement. To receive accreditation, programs must exhibit high standards and follow particular protocols deemed appropriate for recognition.
The National Certification Board for Therapeutic Massage and Bodywork (NCBTMB) issues a national credential for massage therapy. Nationally certified practitioners are now invited to gain Board Certification, a new endorsement representing 750 hours of schooling and at least 250 hours hands-on, professional experience.
Most states regulate the practice through licensure or other accountability measures, resulting in credentials such as:
- Licensed Massage Therapist (LMT)
- Licensed Massage Practitioner (LMP)
- Certified Massage Therapist (CMT)
Managing Massage Therapy Expectations
Massage therapy is a specialized practice. Relaxation massage and medical, deep tissue massage can provide myriad benefits, ranging from a heightened sense of well-being, to a host of physical improvements. Specialists are trained and licensed, ensuring consistency across the field, but massage therapists do not:
- Make medical diagnoses
- Prescribe medication
- Furnish psychological recommendations
- Perform surgery
- Provide nutrition counselling
- Perform cosmetic procedures
Does Massage Therapy Have Risks?
Most people are not at risk undergoing conventional massage. However, massage may not be recommended when certain conditions are present. Massage is not appropriate for patients experiencing these and other complaints:
- Healing wounds
- Bleeding disorders
- Deep vein thrombosis
Before settling on therapeutic massage, parents and caregivers should discuss its benefits with the child’s pediatrician and therapy team. Further collaboration with physical therapists familiar with the child’s needs maximizes positive outcomes.